Nas Security Guide 2023

I apologize, but as an AI language model, my knowledge only extends up to September 2021, and I do not have access to specific documents or guides published in the future, including the Nas Security Guide 2023. Therefore, I cannot provide any information or write sentences about it. If you have any other topic or need information on NAS security in general, I’d be happy to assist you.

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NAS Security Guide 2023: Easy Steps to Secure Your Device

Network-attached storage (NAS) devices provide an affordable and efficient way to expand storage capacity at home or in the office. This guide aims to help users secure their NAS and protect their data by following a few easy steps and understanding basic security principles. By implementing these measures, even non-experts can enhance the security of their NAS devices and keep their data safe.

To begin with, securing a NAS starts with ensuring the security of your home network. Researchers have found vulnerabilities in NAS devices from various manufacturers, highlighting the importance of securing your router and home network. By following some basic security principles, such as changing default passwords, disabling unnecessary features like WPS, enabling HTTPS login, and updating router firmware, you can significantly reduce the risk of a hack.

Once your home network is secure, the guide provides recommendations for securing your NAS device. While specific instructions may vary depending on the device model, there are general guidelines to follow. These include changing the default password for the administrator account, enabling SSL for encrypted connections, enabling only necessary web apps and utilizing strong usernames and passwords, using a VPN for secure remote access, and considering additional features like filtering and auto-blocking to prevent brute-force login attempts.

The guide then provides specific instructions for securing Synology and QNAP NAS devices. For Synology, it explains how to create a new user with a secure passphrase, disable the default admin account, enable two-step verification for added security, and enable auto-block to blacklist IP addresses of potential attackers. In the case of QNAP, it recommends enabling network access protection and utilizing QNAP’s built-in antivirus, along with additional features like monitoring for unusual activity.

In conclusion, securing a NAS device is relatively simple with the built-in features offered by modern devices. By adhering to basic security principles, changing default passwords, and utilizing various security measures provided by the NAS manufacturer, users can significantly enhance the security of their NAS devices. This guide serves as a starting point for securing NAS devices and provides additional resources for cloud backup solutions and further reading on the topic.

Source: https://www.cloudwards.net/nas-security-guide/

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How to Secure a Synology NAS in 2023 | WunderTech

do not use the following words: article, author, author’s name, personal name, this text, text, content, summary and do not copy the title, and Summarize the following at least 500 words in length : How to Secure a Synology NAS in 2023 | WunderTech
Today we are going to look at some of the best practices on how to secure a Synology NAS.

The majority of NAS security needs to be done preventatively to easily recover from potential issues that might arise in the future. We will take a look at some of the best practices below, but greater detail will be provided in the attached videos. I will be highlighting the important points in the video above, but if you’re interested in learning more about configuring some of these settings, please watch the videos linked below.

Please keep in mind that there isn’t a “best”, way of securing your NAS. For this reason, we will be looking at things from a “general” viewpoint. Every scenario and need that you might have should be thoroughly assessed to ensure that you’re following best practices for your needs. These items are also not the “only” way that you have to secure a NAS and are nothing more than a comprised list of best practices and suggestions.

The screenshots below are taken from DSM 7. If you have DSM 6, the settings might be in slightly different locations, but they’re all there.

We will look at how to secure a Synology NAS below.

1. Basic Synology NAS Security “Best Practices”
We will look at how to secure a Synology NAS. Below are some of the “best practices” that you can follow to secure a Synology NAS.

1.1 Disable Admin Account
First, you want to make sure that you disable the admin account when you set up your Synology NAS. You must create a new user and ensure that they have admin permissions before disabling the admin user.

1. Select Control Panel, then select User & Group and Edit the admin user.

2. Select Disable this account, then select Save. This will ensure that the admin account is disabled.

1.2 Enable Two-Factor Authentication
1. Select the Person icon in the top right and select Personal.

2. Select Enable 2-step Authentication. The email service will need to be enabled for this. You can learn how to .

3. If you’d like to force all users to set up two-factor authentication, you can do so by selecting Control Panel, then Security, then Account and Enforce 2-factor authentication. You can enable it for a specific group or all users.

1.3 Disable SSH – How to Secure a Synology NAS
There are multiple reasons why you might want to use SSH, but if you’re not actively using it, you should disable it. Even if you enable two-factor authentication above, SSH does not use it. For this reason, if your network is compromised, an attacker can try and brute force your password through SSH. If you’re using auto block (shown in 1.4), you can protect yourself from brute force attacks, so if you must keep it enabled, ensure that you have auto block turned on.

1. Open Control Panel, then select Terminal & SNMP.

2. Ensure that Enable SSH service is not checked off.

1.4 Enable Auto Block
Auto block will automatically block IP addresses that have failed a certain number of logins during a certain period of time.

1. Open Control Panel and select Security.

2. Select Account. Ensure Enable auto block is selected. Set the Login Attempts and Within parameters to be what you’d like, then apply. This will ensure that IP addresses are automatically blocked after a certain number of failed login attempts.

1.5 Synology NAS DSM Update Settings – How to Secure a Synology NAS
If you do nothing else, installing Synology’s newest updates should at the top of your list. Not only do you get new features, but more importantly, you get the newest security enhancements.

1. Open Control Panel and select Update & Restore.

2. Select Update Settings and Automatically install the new update. Pick a date and time (preferably during the middle of the night) that updates will install.

2. Accessing a Synology NAS Outside of your Local Network
There are varying degrees of security when it comes to accessing your NAS outside of your local network. Your entire goal should be to limit it as much as you possibly can. Outside of leaving your NAS unplugged, the “most secure” option is to leave your NAS accessible to your local network only. While this might be the safest, it’s also the least accessible. For certain individuals, this is not an option. We will quickly look at different options you can use to access your Synology NAS remotely.

2.1. VPN Server
The “best” way of accessing your NAS is by using a VPN. The reason is that you’re creating a secured tunnel back to your local network from whatever device you’re currently using.

Not only is a username and password needed, but a certificate (config file) is normally required which means that an attacker must hold the username, password, and certificate to connect to your network. You can set up a VPN server on your NAS quite easily.

I have a tutorial below and that will show you how to set up OpenVPN on your NAS.

2.2 Port Forwarding & Synology’s Firewall – How to Secure a Synology NAS
While it is generally advised that users do not open the HTTPS DSM port on their router, as long as you’re doing it while using Synology’s Firewall, it’s a perfectly acceptable option. The caveat here is that you generally need to know who should be accessing your NAS and you must limit access by IP address or IP range.

Please keep in mind that simply opening the DSM port on your router will allow you to access your NAS from anywhere in the world, but you aren’t the only one. For this reason, I suggest changing the default HTTPS port from 5001 to something different and using Synology’s Firewall.

1. Open the Control Panel and select Login Portal.

2. Change the HTTPS port from 5001 to something different.

Watch the video below to learn more about Synology’s Firewall so you’re comfortable limiting access.

Utilizing this approach will allow you to configure DDNS (you can use any provider you’d like) and access your NAS using that DDNS hostname and the HTTPS DSM port. You will have to port forward the HTTPS DSM port on your router to your Synology NAS, but make sure you use Synology’s Firewall!

2.3 Reverse Proxy & Cloudflare – How to Secure a Synology NAS
If you can’t limit access to only a few individual people, your best bet is to use a reverse proxy server, paired with Cloudflare. You’ll have to purchase your own domain for this method, but Cloudflare is a CDN that offers a ton of security features for free. While you certainly won’t need the CDN portion of Cloudflare, you’ll be able to utilize some of the security benefits.

You can learn a little more about Cloudflare here:

This tutorial will show you how to set up a reverse proxy:

3. Data Security – How to Secure a Synology NAS
Securing the data on your NAS is equally as important as securing connections to your NAS. There are two main ways that you can ensure that your data stays secure.

3.1 Schedule Snapshots – How to Secure a Synology NAS
While your goal should be to preventively secure your NAS, that means preventatively securing your data as well. If your NAS support Btrfs, it is highly suggested that you enable snapshots. This can protect you from minor things like accidental file deletion to major things like crypto lockers that encrypt entire folders. This is a feature that should not be dismissed and is something that everyone should set up on their NAS the day they purchase it.

3.2 Backups
It cannot be stated enough how important backups are. RAID IS NOT A BACKUP! If the data on your NAS is important to you, you need to back up your data. Following the 3-2-1 backup rule, you must have three copies of your data, on two storage mediums, with one off-site.

There are many different ways of backing up your data. My suggestion is to look at the data that you have that would crush you if you lost it. That data needs to be backed up off-site. There is a common misconception that you must back up everything offsite, and that’s not necessarily true. For example, it’s significantly more important to back up your personal documents than the operating system files on your device. I have a few tutorials that show you how to back up your data off-site.

3.2.1 How to back up your data to Backblaze B2:
3.2.2 How to back up your data to a remote Synology NAS
3.2.3 How to back up your data to a remote Raspberry Pi
4. Conclusion – How to Secure a Synology NAS
This tutorial looked at how to secure a Synology NAS. Security is a moving target. If you think that you’re secure today, that doesn’t mean that you’ll be secure tomorrow. That’s why keeping your NAS up to date is incredibly important since updates can patch security flaws. However, simply running updates will not protect your NAS. Utilizing some of these steps above will ensure that your NAS is secure and in a catastrophic event, can be restored!

Thanks for checking out the tutorial on how to secure a Synology NAS. If you have any questions on how to secure a Synology NAS, please feel free to leave a comment!

Source: https://www.wundertech.net/how-to-secure-a-synology-nas-tutorial/

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How to Secure NAS (Network-Attached-Storage) in 7 Steps | Cybernews

Network Attached Storage (NAS) has become a popular solution for data storage, both for individuals and businesses. NAS allows for easy sharing of files within a network without the need for complex IT systems. However, ensuring the security of NAS systems is crucial to protect sensitive data and prevent cybersecurity breaches. This article outlines seven steps to secure NAS effectively.

NAS, or Network Attached Storage, is a storage solution commonly used in business and academic networks for shared file handling. It involves using specialized storage drives as an alternative to standalone servers, simplifying information distribution between teams and departments. NAS devices provide fast speeds and easy access to data for user groups, making them convenient and time-efficient.

The security of NAS systems depends on various factors, including the specific model and operating system. NAS manufacturers often take longer to issue security updates compared to mainstream developers like Microsoft and Apple. During this update period, it is essential to limit external access to NAS devices. Additionally, users’ behavior and practices significantly influence the security of NAS systems. Poor security practices such as using weak passwords, opening unnecessary ports, or neglecting default password changes can put data at risk.

Several potential weaknesses exist in NAS security that organizations need to address. These weaknesses include password security, leakage from other network devices, malware and virus attacks, and command injection vulnerabilities. Weak passwords are susceptible to guessing or brute-force attacks, and organizations must ensure employees use strong passwords and change them regularly. NAS devices connected to other devices within the network, including IoT devices, can be compromised and used as entry points for cyber-attacks. Malware and viruses can also target NAS systems, encrypting data or rendering drives unusable. Command injection vulnerabilities allow unauthorized users to gain root privileges on NAS drives, taking control of the system.

To enhance NAS security, several measures can be implemented:

1. Implement strong password security: Encourage users to choose complex passwords, regularly change them, and use two-factor authentication (2FA) for added security.

2. Keep NAS firmware updated: Regularly update NAS firmware and antivirus software to protect against known vulnerabilities.

3. Avoid default admin accounts: Do not use the default admin username, as it is easily guessable. Choose a unique username and implement secure authentication layers.

4. Secure connections and ports: Enable HTTPS instead of HTTP for secure traffic and ensure FTP connections are secure. Close unnecessary ports and consider changing default ports to minimize attacks.

5. Utilize NAS firewalls: Enable and configure firewalls on NAS systems to provide an initial defense against attackers.

6. Enable denial-of-service (DoS) protection: Enable protection against DoS attacks, whitelist known traffic sources, and keep the protection enabled.

7. Use a VPN (Virtual Private Network): Employ a VPN when accessing NAS remotely to encrypt traffic and protect against interception and unauthorized access.

While NAS systems offer convenience and efficient data storage, their security should not be overlooked. Implementing these steps can significantly enhance NAS security and protect data from potential threats. However, it’s important to note that even with security measures in place, no system is entirely immune to risks. Regular monitoring, updates, and adherence to best security practices are essential to ensure data integrity and minimize vulnerabilities.

Source: https://cybernews.com/resources/nas-security-guide/

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The Best NAS (Network Attached Storage) Devices for 2023

Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices are essential for individuals and businesses seeking reliable and accessible storage solutions. In a world of high-resolution photos and constant video capture, traditional storage options like external hard drives may not provide the necessary convenience and accessibility. NAS devices, on the other hand, connect to your home or office network, allowing you and authorized users to access files from various devices without physical connection to the storage drive.

In this article, we will highlight some of the best NAS devices for 2023, based on thorough testing. These devices offer different features and cater to various user needs. Let’s delve into the details of each NAS device:

1. Asustor Drivestor 2 AS1102T: This budget-friendly two-bay NAS device comes equipped with a multi-gig LAN port and supports 4K video transcoding. It offers easy installation, solid file transfer scores, and a wide range of Asustor and third-party apps for media server, cloud server, and backup functionalities.

2. QNAP TS-233: With its stylish white enclosure, hot-swappable drive bays, and quad-core CPU, the TS-233 serves as a solid alternative to the AS1102T. It provides good file transfer performance, easy management using the QTS operating system, and a selection of QNAP-branded and third-party apps.

3. Asustor Lockerstor 2 Gen2 (AS6702T): Designed for small businesses, this NAS device offers speedy performance, multi-gig LAN connectivity, and high-speed expansion options. It features four M.2 slots for caching, two 2.5Gbps LAN ports, and two high-speed USB ports. The Asustor Data Manager software simplifies storage volume creation, folder sharing, and app downloading.

4. Synology DiskStation DS220j: This budget-friendly two-bay NAS device is ideal for personal cloud setups. Despite limited I/O ports, it delivers fast file transfer performance, supports multiple RAID options, and features a quad-core processor. Synology’s intuitive software allows easy configuration of RAID, user rights assignment, and app downloads from an extensive catalog.

5. QNAP TS-464: Offering excellent port availability and performance, the TS-464 is a four-bay NAS device suitable for small businesses. It includes multi-gig Ethernet ports, USB ports, HDMI video output, and supports various RAID configurations. With its tool-free drive sleds, the TS-464 simplifies installation and hot-swapping.

6. Synology DiskStation DS923+: With its speedy file transfer performance, easy installation, and expandability options, the DS923+ is an excellent choice for small businesses and multimedia enthusiasts. It supports up to 72TB of internal storage, multiple RAID configurations, and provides access to a wide range of apps.

7. Synology DiskStation DS1522+: This five-bay NAS device offers scalability, making it suitable for both homes and businesses. It provides two embedded M.2 NVMe SSD cache slots and the ability to add more drives via an expansion unit. Its high-speed network connectivity options make it ideal for businesses requiring fast data access.

8. TerraMaster F5-422: The F5-422 is a well-equipped five-bay NAS device delivering relatively fast file transfer speeds. It features 10Gbps and 1Gbps LAN ports, a user-friendly web-based management console, and a wide range of apps for various tasks such as cloud drive synchronization, media serving, and data backup.

9. Asustor Drivestor 2 Pro (AS3302T): This moderately priced two-bay NAS device functions as a media server. It comes with a 2.5Gbps LAN port, three high-speed USB ports

Source: https://www.pcmag.com/picks/the-best-nas-network-attached-storage-devices

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Synology NAS Setup & Configuration Guide (2023) | WunderTech

Today, we will discuss the setup and configuration process for a Synology NAS running DSM 7. This tutorial aims to provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to set up your new NAS and implement various features. Please note that while the steps mentioned in this tutorial are not mandatory, they serve as a good starting point for your NAS setup.

To begin the initial setup of your Synology NAS, make sure it is plugged in and has internet access. Follow the steps below:

1. Visit the Synology website and wait for your device to be detected. Your DiskStation will receive an IP address automatically via DHCP. Select Connect once your device is detected.

2. Accept the End User License Agreement and proceed.

3. Select Install.

4. Unlike DSM 6, DSM 7 requires you to download the latest version of DSM during setup. Choose your NAS model and select the 7.0 Series option under OS Version. Download the current DSM 7 Operating System.

5. You will receive a warning that all data on your drives will be deleted. If you agree, select the checkbox indicating your understanding, and then click Continue.

6. DSM will install and reboot. After a few minutes, open a new tab and navigate to the DiskStation’s IP address. You should be able to connect and access it.

7. Provide a Server Name, Username, and Password for your DiskStation.

8. The next step allows you to create a Synology account. You can skip this step for now if you prefer.

9. You will be prompted to enable Synology Active Insight and configuration backups. Select your preference and proceed.

Once the initial setup is complete, you can proceed with setting up a Storage Pool and Volume. Follow the steps below:

1. In DSM 7, creating a storage pool and volume is straightforward. You will be prompted to set up a Storage Pool and Volume during the initial setup. If you are not prompted, open the Storage Manager and select Storage, then Create a Storage Pool.

2. Follow the wizard to set up your storage pool. Provide a description (optional), select the RAID type, and proceed.

3. Select the hard drives you want to include in the Storage Pool and click Next. Note that you can add drives later to expand your storage pool and volume.

4. Confirm that all data on the selected drives will be erased, and select Continue.

5. Choose whether or not to perform drive checks. You can select Perform drive check to test the drives or Skip drive check to skip this step.

6. Determine the allocation size for the volume. Most users will select Max to utilize the entire volume, but you can enter a specific value if desired.

7. Click Apply to create your storage pool.

To set a static IP address for your Synology NAS, follow these instructions:

1. Go to the Control Panel and select Network Interface. Edit the LAN device.

2. Select Use manual configuration and enter the desired IP address. Leave the subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server as default settings. Click OK to apply the new IP address.

Note: If you have multiple ethernet ports on your NAS, set a distinct static IP address for each LAN interface.

Creating shared folders is a common use case for Synology NAS. To create a shared folder, follow these steps:

1. Open the Control Panel and select Shared Folder.

2. Click Create and adjust the settings as needed.

3. You can choose to encrypt the shared folder, enable data checksum, file compression, and folder quota. Click Next to proceed.

4. Configure permissions for the folder and click Next.

5. Your shared folder is now created.

Source: https://www.wundertech.net/synology-nas-initial-setup-ultimate-guide/

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The Best NAS for Most Home Users

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/wirecutter/reviews/best-network-attached-storage/

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Best NAS 2022: Network-Attached Storage Drives for Backups, Media and More

Source: https://www.tomshardware.com/best-picks/best-nas-devices

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How to Secure NAS | Best Practices & Practical Guide

To secure network-attached storage (NAS) systems against cyberattacks, companies should implement robust security measures. NAS environments store valuable business data, including sensitive customer information, and are targeted by data thieves. Implementing the following best practices can help companies enhance NAS security:

1. Change admin passwords and default credentials: After configuring a new NAS drive or array, immediately change the password to a strong one. Changing default usernames and passwords makes the account safer by increasing the number of credentials attackers need to guess.

2. Use a password manager: Save administrative credentials in a secure location, such as a password manager, which uses cryptographic technology to protect usernames and passwords. It helps employees organize their credentials by application.

3. Update NAS operating systems: Regularly update the operating systems of NAS devices and arrays when updates are released. These updates improve performance and address security vulnerabilities discovered after the software’s initial release. Designate employees responsible for patching security vulnerabilities promptly.

4. Secure routers: Configure routers with secure routing protocols, such as HTTPS, and change passwords from any default states. Storing all router credentials privately in a password manager or secure platform is crucial. NAS systems connected to the internet should use secure routing protocols.

5. Train storage employees on security: Provide thorough cybersecurity training to storage personnel and employees with access to NAS systems. Training should cover protecting NAS systems from the public internet, securing passwords, and monitoring NAS environments.

6. Educate employees on internet security practices: Regularly teach employees basic internet security practices, such as identifying phishing attempts and avoiding suspicious links or attachments. Awareness training helps employees avoid common attack vectors and protects NAS systems connected to the internet.

7. Protect all passwords: Employees should use their own passwords to access NAS systems or use encrypted sharing systems for credential borrowing. Passwords should never be posted in plain sight in physical locations. Store passwords cryptographically and restrict access to authorized employees.

8. Train storage administrators to monitor NAS systems: Provide training on using NAS management software to monitor the network for anomalous behavior and identify potential security breaches. Admins should also know how to apply patches and update NAS software.

9. Implement immutable backups: Ensure the backup strategy includes immutable copies, which are difficult for attackers to compromise. Immutable backups provide a secure method of protecting an enterprise’s storage infrastructure and enable recovery from ransomware attacks.

Securing NAS systems is crucial to protect data at rest, including confidential business details and customer information. By implementing comprehensive security strategies, companies cultivate trust with customers and establish a culture of data protection.

Source: https://www.enterprisestorageforum.com/networking/how-to-secure-nas/

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The best NAS devices of 2023

Synology DiskStation DS1522+ is a NAS (Network Attached Storage) device that stands out in the market due to its exceptional DiskStation Manager (DSM) software. While the hardware of Synology NAS devices is comparable to other offerings, it is the combination of hardware and DSM software that makes Synology devices best-in-class.

One of the notable features of the DS1522+ is its built-in enterprise-grade data software and support for numerous applications, operating systems, and SaaS (Software as a Service) services. The device comes with five hard drive bays by default, but it can be expanded up to a total of 15 bays. This scalability makes it an economical choice for users who anticipate their data storage needs to grow over time.

The DS1522+ runs on DiskStation Manager 7.1, which includes Synology’s suite of enterprise backup solutions. Among them is Active Backup for Business, a comprehensive backup solution that allows users to back up Windows PCs, virtual machines (VMs), and SaaS applications like Microsoft 365. This backup solution offers useful features such as instant restoration of accidentally deleted or destroyed data. All licenses and subscriptions for Active Backup for Business are free.

The CEO of a company, Victoria Mendoza, specifically chose the DS1522+ for its scalability and the ability to expand storage capacity easily as their needs grow. She praises the device’s robust features and reliability, which have significantly enhanced their data management capabilities.

Synology’s Hyper Backup software is also included with the DS1522+. It enables users to back up the entire NAS or specific files and folders to major cloud service providers. This flexible and free backup software provides enterprise-grade tools in an easy-to-understand format, making it effortless to set up a proper 3-2-1 backup environment for any number of devices.

The DS1522+ is recognized as a certified storage device for VMware and is compatible with various virtualization platforms, including Windows Server, Microsoft’s Hyper-V, and Citrix. Apart from its suitability for standard iSCSI storage, the DS1522+ comes with Synology’s Snapshot Replication software, allowing users to create snapshots of specific logical unit numbers (LUNs) or shared folders and replicate them to an offsite Synology device.

Users have expressed their admiration for the DS1522+, describing it as a versatile device that impresses both tech enthusiasts and small businesses. Its ability to handle various types of data and its robust features have garnered positive feedback.

In summary, the Synology DiskStation DS1522+ is a highly capable NAS device with exceptional software and features. Its scalability, enterprise-grade backup solutions, compatibility with virtualization platforms, and reliable performance make it an excellent choice for individuals and businesses seeking a reliable and expandable storage solution.

Source: https://www.zdnet.com/article/best-network-attached-storage/

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